The shaman is a one who mediates between the visible world of form and matter and the invisible world of energy and spirits. For the shaman there is no supernatural world. Only the natural world exists, with its visible and invisible dimensions. In the last century, science has dismissed the mysterious world of the ancients. Electron microscopes allow us to peer deeply into the heart of matter; invisible “spirits” have been catalogued as microbes; and space telescopes show us that behind the blue sky there is no Heaven, only the vast darkness of space. The quest for the single explanation that could unite all the observed forces at play in our universe left the arena of religion and spirituality and became the search for the Unified Field Theory. Today many of us feel compelled to describe our art and practice using the language of quantum physics, in an attempt to give the shamanic arts more credibility. I believe that doing so actually devalues the 50,000 + year tradition of shamanism.
The earliest evidence we have suggestive of shamanic practices is an elaborate Neanderthal burial found at a cave at Shanidar, in the Zagros Mountains of Kurdistan, in Iraq. Here a male in his late 30’s was interred in a fetal position, and his body deliberately covered with flowers. Many of these plants, including Yarrow, Cornflower, Bachelor’s Button, St. Barnaby’s Thistle, Grape Hyacinth, and Woody Horsetail, are known to have medicinal properties. So even prior to the appearance of modern humans (Homo sapiens) shamanic practices seem to have existed.
Shamanism is a spiritual practice, not a religious one. Spiritual practices are based on personal, direct experience, and are replicable by others who choose to undergo the practices and initiations. Religion, on the other hand, is based on belief. My teacher, an old Indian man from the high Andes, once said to me as we were walking the edge of Lake Titicaca, the Sea on Top of the World: “…religions are simple concepts of spirituality – values, standards, truths, principles communicated in the form of a story that uses poetry and metaphor to illustrate its wisdom. Stories that have been told and retold until even their embellishments acquire profound meaning and the figurative is taken literally and the lessons are lost. And my friends, the priests, were devoted caretakers of a story that was not their own.
“But the shaman is the author of the story, the mythmaker. El Viejo’s (his teacher) faith was based on his own experience of the Divine in Nature. A shaman stands with one foot in this world, and one foot in the world of spirit. With the priests and in the schools, I learned the lessons of others. With El Viejo I learned my own lessons.
El Viejo showed me that the consciousness that creates our waking reality is a universal consciousness, a vast sea that is navigable. Most people are content to live on the land, and they know this sea only as it appears to them from their own shores. But it is possible to know it fully, to navigate the sea, to cross it, to immerse yourself, to let it wash over you, to discover its depths. The shaman is one who has learned how to swim and how to sail, how to navigate through this sea and return to its shore. And to communicate its wonders to his people.” (In Island of the Sun)
The shamanic training often follows the path known to the Greeks of old as the journey of the wounded healer, during which the shaman developed her powers and abilities as she healed herself. This is the model that I rely on when we train Western shamans in our School (The Four Winds Society.) I believe that it is essential to heal yourself before you start ministering to others. But the shaman is different from the mystic, who can also go through a process of healing and discovery of the invisible world of energy and spirits. The shaman is dedicated to service to her community, whereas the mystic is dedicated to dwelling on her own experience of the divine, and let’s the world unfold as it may.
My teacher believed that the new shamans, the new caretakers of the Earth, would come from the West. “The Indios do not have the power and stamina to hold the world in their prayers anymore,” he once said to me. “Many of our peoples have lost their souls. The hope lies with you and your children.” My mentor, don Antonio, believed that many of called to this work had sat together many times before around a fire in the Great Plains, with the Buffalo behind us, or meditating above the snow line in a stone temple like the Inka built.
It is also important to differentiate the shaman from the sorcerer, even thought their paths and teachings are similar. The shaman accumulates personal power to serve his community. The sorcerer accumulates personal power for personal gain.